The nG Firewall is a carefully crafted set of security rules for Apache and Nginx servers. nG may be applied via your site’s public root
.htaccess file, or added via server configuration file. Once added, 8G provides powerful server-level protection against a wide range of malicious requests, bad bots, automated attacks, spam, and many other types of threats and nonsense. It’s a lightweight yet super strong firewall that improves site security and peace of mind.
- About nG
- How It Works
- Download nG
- License & Disclaimer
- Testing & Feedback
- Show Support
- Learn More..
- Thank You
About nG Firewall
Two unwritten laws of the Web: 1) Nothing is 100% secure, and 2) All websites are under pretty much 24/7 constant attack. Whether it’s just nuisance traffic like spam, or serious in-your-face DDoS attack, now is the time to strengthen site security and lock things down. nG helps with this by protecting your site against many types of bad requests and attacks. It gives your site a super strong layer of protection at the server level. So bad requests are blocked without having to load up PHP, MySQL, and everything else. Strong security without sacrificing performance.
I’ve seen many times sites just getting hammered with bad traffic.. then you add nG Firewall and watch the noise drop to zero. You free up all those server resources for the good traffic.
So what’s the downside? Well, same as with any firewall, potential false positives. Fortunately, nG comprises over a decade of research, testing, and development. It builds on the best features of previous nG Firewalls. Ultimately, the goal for nG Firewall is zero false positives.
Bottom line: nG is an easy-to-use, cost-effective way to secure your site against malicious HTTP activity. It helps to protect against evil exploits, ill requests, and other nefarious garbage, such as XSS attacks, code injections, cache poisoning, response splitting, dual-header exploits, and much more.
How It Works
The nG Firewall is a powerful, well-optimized set of mod_rewrite rules that checks all URI requests against a set of carefully constructed Apache/.htaccess or Nginx directives and regular expressions. This happens quietly behind the scenes at the server level, which is optimal for performance because it avoids the need to load up PHP and MySQL just to block a bad request. This is one reason why securing at the server level is better than using a plugin or other PHP script.
nG improves performance by freeing up server resources.
For Apache servers, nG Firewall is easy to implement. Just add the code to your site’s public root .htaccess file. Then sit back and relax while nG Firewall works its magic. That’s the beauty of it: there is no configuration required. Security via simplicity: add the code and done. For more details, check out the Deployment section below.
Once implemented, nG scans every HTTP request made to your site. It compares key aspects of each request against a carefully formulated set of patterns and regular expressions (regex). So if someone or something triggers a match, they immediately are blocked (via 403 Forbidden response). So legitimate visitors can continue to surf your site with total confidence, while the bad guys are getting stomped by nG.
nG Firewall is designed to be lightweight and super fast. It strives for the optimal balance between security and performance, delivering significantly better protection than previous nG firewalls. Each iteration of nG builds upon previous versions, fortifying successful patterns, removing outdated patterns, and of course adding new patterns and rules based on current data. The result is an nth-generation firewall that is cumulatively developed and extensively tested, based on code with a proven track record. Here are some top features and goals of nG Firewall:
- Security via simplicity
- Extensive firewall protection
- Fine-tuned to minimize false positives
- Lightweight, modular, flexible and fast
- Completely plug-&-play with no configuration required
- Improves security, reduces server load, conserves resources
- Open source, easy to use, and completely free
- WordPress not required: works on any website
- 100% compatible with WordPress
nG protects against threats
nG protects against many types of attacks and threats, including:
- Directory Traversal
- HTTP Response Splitting
- (XSS) Cross-Site Scripting
- Cache Poisoning
- Dual-Header Exploits
- SQL/PHP/Code Injection
- File Injection/Inclusion
- Null Byte Injection
- WordPress exploits like timthumb and fckeditor
- PHP exploits like c99shell, rom2823, r3vn330, sux0r, et al
- PHP information leakage
Additionally, nG Firewall protects against a wide range of malicious requests, bad bots, spam, and other nonsense. Further, nG uses Apache’s mod_rewrite, so it works on all types of HTTP request methods:
DELETE, and all others. That means robust protection for your website.
Here are the only requirements for 7G Firewall:
- Apache server
- Access to .htaccess or config
If you are unsure about either of these requirements, ask your web host. If you are new to Apache and/or .htaccess, and want to learn more about it, I wrote an entire book on using .htaccess to secure and optimize your site. Also, here is a tutorial that explains how to create an .htaccess file on your local machine.
Download 7G Firewall
By downloading any version of nG Firewall (e.g., 6G, 7G, 8G), you agree to the terms set forth in the License and Disclaimer. To implement nG, follow the steps in the Deployment section, below. To download any version of nG Firewall, visit the respective homepage:
- 8G Firewall
- 7G Firewall
- 6G Firewall
- 5G Blacklist/Firewall
- 4G Blacklist
- 3G Blacklist
- 2G Blacklist
- 1G Blacklist
nG Firewall is open source and 100% free for all. The only requirement is that the following credit lines are included when using nG (or any of its parts). Note that the version number and URL will vary depending on the version of nG Firewall.
# 8G FIREWALL
Other than that, it’s all yours!
The nG Firewall is provided “as-is”, with the intention of helping people protect their sites against bad requests and other malicious activity. The code is open and free to use and modify as long as the first two credit lines remain intact. By using this code you assume all risk and responsibility for anything that happens. So use wisely, test thoroughly, and enjoy the benefits of my work :)
Quick summary: for Apache servers, add the nG code to your site’s public root .htaccess file (or config file) and test thoroughly. After proper testing, you’re all set: nG Firewall protects your site silently with minimal footprint. A completely set-it-and-forget-it firewall solution. Here are more detailed steps to add nG to your site:
- Agree to the terms, download, and unzip nG
- Make a backup of your current .htaccess file
- Copy all nG code and add to public root
- Save changes and upload to your server
- Test well (see next section)
mod_rewrite rules (e.g., WordPress Permalinks).
Testing & Feedback
Testing is great, reporting is even better. Why? Because when you report false positives and/or other issues, I can investigate and try to resolve ASAP. Testing and reporting ultimately improves the quality and effectiveness of the firewall, thereby benefitting all users. Your feedback is instrumental in development of nG Firewall.
If you’re going to be using and testing nG Firewall, you’re gonna want to tap into the power of logging. Logged request data provides great insight into what, where, when, and why things are happening on the server.
Since version 7G, the nG Firewall is turn-key equipped for logging via PHP. To set it up, follow this tutorial on how to log blocked requests with nG Firewall.
You can find similar log data in your site’s access and error logs. These log files are available on your server, ask your web host for help if needed. The data provided by nG logging or your site’s default logging provide the information needed to diagnose and debug false positives and so forth.
Further troubleshooting tips available on the 6G Firewall homepage.
Also, if you discover any bugs, issues, or errors, please report them directly via my contact form. As always, feel free to share feedback and ask any questions in the comment section. Please do not report bugs in the comment area, thanks :)
A huge THANK YOU to everyone who reports bugs and shares feedback for nG Firewall.
To learn more about the theory and development of nG Firewall, check out my articles on building the 3G, 4G, 5G Blacklist, and related topics. The 6G Firewall homepage also contains lots of useful and relevant information. And if all that’s not enough, you can view all nG-related posts in the nG tag archive.
I spend countless hours developing the nG Firewall. I share it freely and openly with the hope that it will help make the Web a more secure place for everyone.
If you benefit from my work with nG Firewall and would like to show support, consider buying one of my books, such as .htaccess made easy. You’ll get a complete guide to .htaccess, exclusive forum access, and a ton of awesome techniques for configuring, optimizing, and securing your site.
Of course, tweets, likes, links, and shares are super helpful and very much appreciated. Your generous support allows me to continue developing the nG Firewall and other awesome resources for the community. Thank you kindly :)
Here are some related resources and information for nG Firewall.
- Test 8G Firewall on Apache server
- Test 8G Firewall on Nginx server
- 8G reportedly works great with OpenLiteSpeed server
- Nice tutorial on using 7G Firewall with OpenLiteSpeed
- Thanks to Bernd Eidenschink for writing 7G for Caddy Server
- Use Contao CMS? Check out the nG Apache Firewall for Contao
- nG Firewall trusted by web hosts like GridPane, RunCloud, and WPHercules
- In-depth tutorial on using the GridPane 7G Firewall on Nginx server
- nG Firewall trusted by WordPress plugins like All in One WP Security & Firewall and Hide My WP Ghost
- Nice tutorial on using nG Firewall with Cloudflare
- nG Firewall recommended by SiteGround
I would like to thank the following sites for providing the free tools used during development. Please visit and bookmark these awesome resources:
- Apache mod_rewrite docs
- regex101.com – Online regex tester
- Complete UTF-8 character list
- convertcase.net – Convert character case
- W3C markup validation service
Thanks to everyone who shares feedback and helps test nG Firewall. Also thank you to everyone who supports my work here at Perishable Press with donations, links and social shares. Your support is valued and appreciated more than you know. Cheers!