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Web Dev + WordPress + Security

Essential HTML Entities

[ Image: Two Hip Characters ] Virtually every article written here at Perishable Press requires at least one or two “special” HTML characters. Some of these characters — such as quotation marks, hyphens, and dashes — are very common, while others — such as the copyright symbol, bullet, and arrow — happen less frequently. The vast majority of special characters, however, like the latin Ä (i.e., capital letter “A” with a diaeresis), and the mathematical symbol ⊃ (i.e., superset), rarely see the light of day on most blogs, but they do exist.

As a blogger and content creator, I generally use the same set of special characters over and over again. So when I need to throw down an m-dash or right-angle quote or something, I want a guide that just gets me there. Most of the top search results include every special character known to humans. And it’s just overkill. So to boost productivity while writing content, I put together the following table of essential HTML Entities1.

Essential HTML Entities

Character Numeric Entity Named Entity Character Name
      Non-Breaking Space
« « « Left Double-Angle Quote
» » » Right Double-Angle Quote
Left Single-Angle Quote
Right Single-Angle Quote
Left Double Quote
Right Double Quote
Left Single Quote
Right Single Quote
" " " Straight Quote
' ' ' Apostrophe
Single Low Quote
Double Low Quote
< < < Left Angle Bracket
> > > Right Angle Bracket
Left Arrow
Right Arrow
Up Arrow
Down Arrow
En Dash
Em Dash
Overline
¦ ¦ ¦ Broken Vertical Bar
® ® ® Registered Symbol
© © © Copyright Symbol
Trademark Symbol
& & & Ampersand
Bullet
· · · Middle Dot
¹ ¹ ¹ Superscript 1
² ² ² Superscript 2
³ ³ ³ Superscript 3
¢ ¢ ¢ Cent Symbol
Single Dagger
Double Dagger
~ ~ ˜ Tilde

Footnotes

1 Pro Tip: To ensure proper display of Unicode characters (i.e., UTF-8 encoded), add this meta declaration to the <head> of your web page(s):

<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">

Jeff Starr
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Jeff Starr = Fullstack Developer. Book Author. Teacher. Human Being.
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Perishable Press is operated by Jeff Starr, a professional web developer and book author with two decades of experience. Here you will find posts about web development, WordPress, security, and more »
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