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Perishable Press

The Perishable Press 4G Blacklist

[ 4G Stormtrooper ] At last! After many months of collecting data, crafting directives, and testing results, I am thrilled to announce the release of the 4G Blacklist! The 4G Blacklist is a next-generation protective firewall that secures your site against a wide range of automated attacks and other malicious activity.

Update: Check out the new and improved 6G Blacklist/Firewall »

Like its 3G predecessor, the 4G Blacklist is designed for use on Apache servers and is easily implemented via HTAccess or the httpd.conf configuration file. In order to function properly, the 4G Blacklist requires two specific Apache modules, mod_rewrite and mod_alias. As with the third generation of the blacklist, the 4G Blacklist consists of multiple parts:

  • HTAccess Essentials
  • Request-Method Filtering
  • IP Address Blacklist
  • Query-String Blacklist
  • URL Blacklist

Each of these methods is designed to protect different aspects of your site. They may be used independently, mixed and matched, or combined to create the complete 4G Blacklist. This modularity provides flexibility for different implementations while facilitating the testing and updating process. The core of the 4G Blacklist consists of the last two methods, the Query-String and URL Blacklists. These two sections provide an enormous amount of protection against many potentially devastating attacks. Everything else is just icing on the cake. Speaking of which, there are also two more completely optional sections of the 4G Blacklist, namely:

These two sections have been removed from the 4G Blacklist and relegated to “optional” status because they are no longer necessary. Put simply, the 4G Blacklist provides better protection with fewer lines of code. Even so, each of these blacklists have been updated with hundreds of new directives and will be made available here at Perishable Press in the near future. But for now, let’s return to the business at hand..

Presenting the Perishable Press 4G Blacklist

As is custom here at Perishable Press, I present the complete code first, and then walk through the usage instructions and code explanations. So, without furhter ado, here is the much-anticipated 4G Blacklist [for personal use only – may not be posted elsewhere without proper link attribution]:


RewriteEngine on
ServerSignature Off
Options All -Indexes
Options +FollowSymLinks

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
 RewriteRule ^(.*)$ - [F,L]

 Order Allow,Deny
 Allow from all
 Deny from   "# blacklist candidate 2008-01-02 = admin-ajax.php attack "
 Deny from  "# blacklist candidate 2008-02-10 = cryptic character strings "
 Deny from   "# blacklist candidate 2008-03-09 = block administrative attacks "
 Deny from   "# blacklist candidate 2008-04-27 = block clam store loser "
 Deny from "# blacklist candidate 2008-05-31 = block _vpi.xml attacks "
 Deny from   "# blacklist candidate 2008-10-19 = block mindless spider running "
 Deny from  "# 1048 attacks in 60 minutes"
 Deny from    "# 1629 attacks in 90 minutes"

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} \.\.\/    [NC,OR]
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} boot\.ini [NC,OR]
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} tag\=     [NC,OR]
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ftp\:     [NC,OR]
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} http\:    [NC,OR]
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} https\:   [NC,OR]
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} mosConfig [NC,OR]
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ^.*(\[|\]|\(|\)|<|>|'|"|;|\?|\*).* [NC,OR]
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ^.*(%22|%27|%3C|%3E|%5C|%7B|%7C).* [NC,OR]
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ^.*(%0|%A|%B|%C|%D|%E|%F|127\.0).* [NC,OR]
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ^.*(globals|encode|config|localhost|loopback).* [NC,OR]
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ^.*(request|select|insert|union|declare|drop).* [NC]
 RewriteRule ^(.*)$ - [F,L]

<IfModule mod_alias.c>
 RedirectMatch 403 \,
 RedirectMatch 403 \:
 RedirectMatch 403 \;
 RedirectMatch 403 \=
 RedirectMatch 403 \@
 RedirectMatch 403 \[
 RedirectMatch 403 \]
 RedirectMatch 403 \^
 RedirectMatch 403 \`
 RedirectMatch 403 \{
 RedirectMatch 403 \}
 RedirectMatch 403 \~
 RedirectMatch 403 \"
 RedirectMatch 403 \$
 RedirectMatch 403 \<
 RedirectMatch 403 \>
 RedirectMatch 403 \|
 RedirectMatch 403 \.\.
 RedirectMatch 403 \/\/
 RedirectMatch 403 \%0
 RedirectMatch 403 \%A
 RedirectMatch 403 \%B
 RedirectMatch 403 \%C
 RedirectMatch 403 \%D
 RedirectMatch 403 \%E
 RedirectMatch 403 \%F
 RedirectMatch 403 \%22
 RedirectMatch 403 \%27
 RedirectMatch 403 \%28
 RedirectMatch 403 \%29
 RedirectMatch 403 \%3C
 RedirectMatch 403 \%3E
 RedirectMatch 403 \%3F
 RedirectMatch 403 \%5B
 RedirectMatch 403 \%5C
 RedirectMatch 403 \%5D
 RedirectMatch 403 \%7B
 RedirectMatch 403 \%7C
 RedirectMatch 403 \%7D
 Redirectmatch 403 \_vpi
 RedirectMatch 403 \.inc
 Redirectmatch 403 xAou6
 Redirectmatch 403 db\_name
 Redirectmatch 403 select\(
 Redirectmatch 403 convert\(
 Redirectmatch 403 \/query\/
 RedirectMatch 403 ImpEvData
 Redirectmatch 403 \.XMLHTTP
 Redirectmatch 403 proxydeny
 RedirectMatch 403 function\.
 Redirectmatch 403 remoteFile
 Redirectmatch 403 servername
 Redirectmatch 403 \&rptmode\=
 Redirectmatch 403 sys\_cpanel
 RedirectMatch 403 db\_connect
 RedirectMatch 403 doeditconfig
 RedirectMatch 403 check\_proxy
 Redirectmatch 403 system\_user
 Redirectmatch 403 \/\(null\)\/
 Redirectmatch 403 clientrequest
 Redirectmatch 403 option\_value
 RedirectMatch 403 ref\.outcontrol
 RedirectMatch 403 errors\.
 RedirectMatch 403 config\.
 RedirectMatch 403 include\.
 RedirectMatch 403 display\.
 RedirectMatch 403 register\.
 Redirectmatch 403 password\.
 RedirectMatch 403 maincore\.
 RedirectMatch 403 authorize\.
 Redirectmatch 403 macromates\.
 RedirectMatch 403 head\_auth\.
 RedirectMatch 403 submit\_links\.
 RedirectMatch 403 change\_action\.
 Redirectmatch 403 com\_facileforms\/
 RedirectMatch 403 admin\_db\_utilities\.
 RedirectMatch 403 admin\.webring\.docs\.
 Redirectmatch 403 Table\/Latest\/index\.

That’s the juice right there. This 4G Blacklist is some powerful stuff, blocking and filtering a wide range of potential attacks and eliminating tons of malicious nonsense. Much care has been taken to beta test this firewall on multiple configurations running various types of software, however, due to my limited financial resources, it is impossible to test the 4G as comprehensively as I would have preferred. Even so, for the average site running typical software, everything should continue to work perfectly. With that in mind, please read through the remainder of the article before implementing the 4G Blacklist.

Installation and Usage

Before implementing the 4G Blacklist, ensure that you are equipped with the following system requirements:

  • Linux server running Apache
  • Enabled Apache module: mod_alias
  • Enabled Apache module: mod_rewrite
  • Ability to edit your site”s root htaccess file (or)
  • Ability to modify Apache’s server configuration file

With these requirements met, copy and paste the entire 4G Blacklist into either the root HTAccess file or the server configuration file ( httpd.conf ). After uploading, visit your site and check proper loading of as many different types of pages as possible. For example, if you are running a blogging platform (such as WordPress), test different page views (single, archive, category, home, etc.), log into and surf the admin pages (plugins, themes, options, posts, etc.), and also check peripheral elements such as individual images, available downloads, and alternate protocols (FTP, HTTPS, etc.).

While the 4G Blacklist is designed to target only the bad guys, the regular expressions used in the list may interfere with legitimate URL or file access. If the directives in the blacklist are blocking a specific URL, the browsing device will display a 403 Forbidden error; similarily, if the blacklist happens to block a file or resource required for some script to function properly, the script (JavaScript, PHP, etc.) may simply stop working. If you experience either of these scenarios after installing the blacklist, don’t panic! Simply check the blocked URL or file, locate the matching blacklist string, and disable the directive by placing a pound sign ( # ) at the beginning of the associated line. Once the correct line is commented out, the blocked URL should load normally. Also, if you do happen to experience any conflicts involving the 4G Blacklist, please leave a comment or contact me directly.

Set for Stun

As my readers know, I am serious about site security. Nothing gets my juices flowing like the thought of chopping up mindless cracker whores into small, square chunks and feeding their still-twitching flesh to a pack of starving mongrels. That’s good times, but unfortunately there are probably laws against stuff like that. So in the meantime, we take steps to secure our sites using the most effective tools at our disposal. There is no one single magic bullet that will keep the unscrupulous bastards from exploiting and damaging your site, but there are many cumulative steps that may be taken to form a solid security strategy. Within this cumulative context, the 4G Blacklist recognizes and immunizes against a broad array of common attack elements, thereby maximizing resources while providing solid defense against malicious attacks.

Many Thanks

A huge “Thank You” to the dedicated people who helped beta test the 4G Blacklist. Your excellent feedback played an instrumental role in the development of this version. Thank you!

Further Reading

For more insight into the mysterious realms of blacklisting, the creation of the Perishable Press Blacklist, and DIY site security in general, check out some of my other articles:

Next Up

Next up in the March 2009 Blacklist Series: The Ultimate User-Agent Blacklist. Don’t miss it!


Since the release of the 4G Blacklist, several users have discovered issues with the following 4G directives.


In the query-string section, Joomla users should delete the following patterns:


In the character-string section, Joomla users should comment-out or delete the following lines:

RedirectMatch 403 \,
RedirectMatch 403 \;
RedirectMatch 403 config\.
RedirectMatch 403 register\.


In the query-string section of the 4G Blacklist, the following changes have been made:

"%3D" character-string has been changed to "%5C"

Likewise, in the character-string section, the following change has been made:

"wp\_" character-string has been removed

And in the request-method filtering section, the following change has been made:

"HEAD" method has been removed

Also, the following changes may be necessary according to which plugins you have installed:

Ozh' Admin Drop Down Menu - remove "drop" from the query-string rules
WordPress' Akismet - remove "config" from the query-string rules


OpenID users should read the information in this comment.


SMF users should read the information in this comment.


vBulletin users should read the information in these comments.

Jeff Starr
About the Author Jeff Starr = Web Developer. Book Author. Secretly Important.
233 responses
  1. Jeff Starr

    Hi Jennifer,

    Great questions! :)

    1. Use of ^.* is not required, but I prefer to include it.
    2. Yes, they are effectively the same, as far as I know.
    3. Good call on using character classes, thank you.
    4. True indeed. I use both ^(.*)$ and .* depending on my mood.
    5. That looks like an oversight. I wrote about the reasoning behind the 4G Blacklist, and discuss blocking of the literal backslash, but somehow it didn’t make it into the current version of the list. It may have caused server errors and removed, or just a mistake. I will try again for the 5G Blacklist.

    Glad to see people still looking at the details, and even taking the time to share with others ;)

  2. Hi, thanks a lot for the 4G list Jeff
    in case anyone faced a problem with the little images in the WordPress media library here’s the solution that worked for me

    int this section:


    before this line put a # like that and you should be fine !

    # RewriteRule ^(.*)$ - [F,L]

    again, thanks for your effort Jeff

  3. dont do what sam says above people, this just turns the 4G list off

    RewriteRule ^(.*)$ - [F,L] is the applied rule for nasties

  4. shoulders, if you kept that line, the SHOW button in the media library won’t work neither the little thumbnail !

  5. sam, what you should do is find out which RewriteCond line is causing that behavior, and either modify or comment out that line. shoulders is partially correct: commenting out the RewriteRule line makes all the RewriteCond lines above it apply to the *next* RewriteRule, if there is one — and if not, then it does indeed disable them.

  6. I commented them all one by luck, they it didn’t work, I had to remove the whole Query list so I can use my images library in wordpress
    for the truth, I have no idea what I’m doing But hey wordpress was shipped without the 4G list!

  7. @ sam

    You might find that it is more than one rule causing the issue.

    I am still in the process of getting my htaccess ready for release (incorporates 4G blacklist) and other trainer stuff, but one of the additional feature is that i have it set up to email me whenever there is a rule violation so i can tell what is causing the security issue and which section.

  8. Hey Shoulders!
    I like the thought of the email on violations so to find out what needs to be commented out (seems to vary on sites/themes/plugins)

    Can you share what you added for the emailing?


  9. When using Akeeba Remote Control 4.0.3

    Remove from #QUERY STRING EXPLOITS in line RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ^.*(%22|%27|%3C|%3E|%5C|%7B|%7C).* [NC,OR] the following: %22, %5C, %7B otherwise Akeeba Remote Control 4.0.3 will not work!

    Still an enthusiastic user of this list!
    Thank you :)

  10. Hi, great blacklist!
    I only had one problem. The plugin update option did not workin WordPress. I used Firebug to isolate the problem and discovered that “select” has to be removed from the following line:
    RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ^.*(request|select|insert|union|declare|drop).* [NC]

    RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ^.*(request|insert|union|declare|drop).* [NC]

    Just in case anybody else is having the same problem.

    Thanks for an exelent blacklist!!!

  11. Have you noticed that using this prevents the WordPress plugin updates from working? It returns a 403 for some reason (I’m on Lightspeed, WP 3.0.4, using 4G blacklist.).

    Is there an item that can be removed so WordPress plugin updates from within the admin area still work?

  12. @Thompson
    Try what I did in my comment above.

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