5G Blacklist 2012

Update: Check out the new and improved 5G Blacklist 2013!

[ 5G ] The 5G Blacklist helps reduce the number of malicious URL requests that hit your website. It’s one of many ways to improve the security of your site and protect against evil exploits, bad requests, and other nefarious garbage.

After extensive beta testing, the 5G Blacklist/Firewall is solid and ready to help secure sites hosted on Apache servers. In addition to beta testing for the 5G, this is the 5th major update of my “G”-series blacklists. Here is a quick overview of its evolution:

  1. Ultimate htaccess Blacklist (Compressed Version)
  2. 2G Blacklist: Closing the Door on Malicious Attacks
  3. Perishable Press 3G Blacklist
  4. The Perishable Press 4G Blacklist
  5. 5G Firewall (Beta)

Along the way, I’ve explored a wide variety of different blacklist techniques. The 5G is the culmination of all these efforts, and will eventually be replaced by the imminent 6G Blacklist/Firewall.

What it does

The 5G Blacklist is a simple, flexible blacklist that checks all URI requests against a series of carefully constructed HTAccess directives. This happens quietly behind the scenes at the server level, saving resources for stuff like PHP and MySQL for all blocked requests.

How it works

Blacklists can block just about any part of a request: IP, user agent, request string, query string, referrer, and everything in between. But IP addresses change constantly, and user agents and referrers are easily spoofed. As discussed, request strings yield the best results: greater protection with fewer false positives.

The 5G works beautifully with WordPress, and should help any site conserve bandwidth and server resources while protecting against malicious activity.

How to use

To install the 5G Firewall, append the following code to your site’s root .htaccess:

# 5G BLACKLIST/FIREWALL
# @ http://perishablepress.com/5g-blacklist-2012/

# 5G:[QUERY STRINGS]
<ifModule mod_rewrite.c>
 RewriteEngine On
 RewriteBase /
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} (environ|localhost|mosconfig|scanner) [NC,OR]
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} (menu|mod|path|tag)\=\.?/? [NC,OR]
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} boot\.ini  [NC,OR]
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} echo.*kae  [NC,OR]
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} etc/passwd [NC,OR]
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} \=\\%27$   [NC,OR]
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} \=\\\'$    [NC,OR]
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} \.\./      [NC,OR]
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} \?         [NC,OR]
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} \:         [NC,OR]
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} \[         [NC,OR]
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} \]         [NC]
 RewriteRule .* - [F]
</ifModule>

# 5G:[USER AGENTS]
<ifModule mod_setenvif.c>
 SetEnvIfNoCase User-Agent ^$ keep_out
 SetEnvIfNoCase User-Agent (casper|cmsworldmap|diavol|dotbot)   keep_out
 SetEnvIfNoCase User-Agent (flicky|ia_archiver|jakarta|kmccrew) keep_out
 SetEnvIfNoCase User-Agent (libwww|planetwork|pycurl|skygrid)   keep_out
 SetEnvIfNoCase User-Agent (purebot|comodo|feedfinder|turnit)   keep_out
 SetEnvIfNoCase User-Agent (zmeu|nutch|vikspider|binlar|sucker) keep_out
 <limit GET POST PUT>
  Order Allow,Deny
  Allow from all
  Deny from env=keep_out
 </limit>
</ifModule>

# 5G:[REQUEST STRINGS]
<ifModule mod_alias.c>
 RedirectMatch 403 (https?|ftp|php)\://
 RedirectMatch 403 /(cgi|https?|ima|ucp)/
 RedirectMatch 403 /(Permanent|Better)$
 RedirectMatch 403 (\=\\\'|\=\\%27|/\\\'/?|\)\.css\()$
 RedirectMatch 403 (\,|//|\)\+|/\,/|\{0\}|\(/\(|\.\.\.|\+\+\+|\||\\\"\\\")
 RedirectMatch 403 \.(cgi|asp|aspx|cfg|dll|exe|jsp|mdb|sql|ini|rar)$
 RedirectMatch 403 /(contac|fpw|install|pingserver|register)\.php$
 RedirectMatch 403 (base64|crossdomain|localhost|wwwroot|e107\_)
 RedirectMatch 403 (eval\(|\_vti\_|\(null\)|echo.*kae|config\.xml)
 RedirectMatch 403 \.well\-known/host\-meta
 RedirectMatch 403 /function\.array\-rand
 RedirectMatch 403 \)\;\$\(this\)\.html\(
 RedirectMatch 403 proc/self/environ
 RedirectMatch 403 msnbot\.htm\)\.\_
 RedirectMatch 403 /ref\.outcontrol
 RedirectMatch 403 com\_cropimage
 RedirectMatch 403 indonesia\.htm
 RedirectMatch 403 \{\$itemURL\}
 RedirectMatch 403 function\(\)
 RedirectMatch 403 labels\.rdf
 RedirectMatch 403 /playing.php
 RedirectMatch 403 muieblackcat
</ifModule>

# 5G:[BAD IPS]
<limit GET POST PUT>
 Order Allow,Deny
 Allow from all
 # uncomment/edit/repeat next line to block IPs
 # Deny from 123.456.789
</limit>

That’s the golden ticket right there. The 5G Firewall is serious protection for your website: extensively tested, plug-n-play, and completely free. “Grab, gulp, n go” as they say. For more information, see the beta article (and comments).

Troubleshooting

Remember, test thoroughly. If something stops working when the 5G is installed, try removing the 5G. If things start working normally again, you can either pass on the 5G or investigate further. Investigating further is straightforward using something like the halving method, where you remove chunks of the 5G until isolating and identifying the issue. Here is a quick example:

  • I’ve installed the 5G, thanks Jeff.
  • Uh-oh, the page at http://example.com/indonesia.html stopped loading
  • Hmm, the URL contains the phrase “indonesia”, so let’s check the 5G for it
  • Yep, there’s a rule that blocks indonesia\.htm
  • Removing that line resolves the issue, thanks me.

Is it okay to remove rules that are blocking your own pages? Yes, the only downside is that malicious requests that would have otherwise been blocked will now get through. The 5G will continue to block a massive volume of malicious requests — it’ll just be a bit less effective. The protective effect is cumulative, not dependent on any one rule. So customization is encouraged. Once you dial it in, you’re all set.

Disclaimer

The 5G Firewall is provided “as-is”, with the intention of helping site administrators protect their sites against bad requests and other malicious activity. The code is open and free to use and modify as long as the first two credit lines remain intact. By using this code you assume all risk & responsibility for anything that happens, whether good or bad. In short, use wisely, test thoroughly, don’t sue me.

Learn more..

To learn more about the theory and development of the 5G Firewall, check out my articles on building the 3G, 4G and 5G Blacklist. A search for “blacklist” in the sidebar should also yield many results.

Happy securing!